
Maths in Year 2
End of Year Expectations for Maths in Year 2
Autumn 1st half term objectives highlighted
Objectives previously taught are highlighted
Please note that in line with the progress children make this list is subject to
change and the objectives
are not necessarily taught in the order listed below.
The National Curriculum for
mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:
become fluent in the fundmentals of mathematics, so that
pupils have conceptual understanding and can recall and
apply their knowledge rapidly and accurately to
problems.
reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry,
conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and
developing an argument or proof using mathematical
language.
can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a
variety of routine and nonroutine problems with
increasing sophistication, including breaking down
problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering
in seeking solution.

Learning Objectives 
Additional Information 
Number and Place Value 
Count in steps of 2,3, and 5
from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward
Recognise
the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (tens, ones)
Identify,
represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the
number line
Compare and
order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
Read and
write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
Use place
value and number facts to solve problems 
Partition numbers into tens and ones.
Exchange ones to make tens.
Different representations of the same number.
Estimate numbers from different representations.
Compare numbers by looking at tens and ones.
Order numbers by reasoning about their value.
Find numbers that satisfy simple criteria.
Use place value representations to prove solutions.
Calculation policy page:

Addition and Subtraction

Recall and use addition and subtraction facts
to 20 and derive and use related facts up to 100.
Show that the addition of 2 numbers can be
done in any order and subtraction from one number to another cannot.
Add and subtract number using concrete
objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including : a 2 digit
number and ones; a 2 digit number and tens; 2 x 2 digit numbers; adding 3
x 1 digit numbers.
Recognise and use the inverse relationship
between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and
solve missing number problems.
Solve problems with addition and subtraction:
using concrete objects and pictorial representation, including those
involving numbers, quantities and measures; applying their increasing
knowledge of mental and written methods. 

Two bonds to ten make bonds to twenty.
Adding ones to make multiples of ten.
Adding tens and ones to make multiples of ten.
Making equal values using ones.
Making equal values using tens.
Making equal values using tens and ones.
Adding more than one thing at a time.
Subtracting more than one thing at a time.
Adding and subtracting at the same time.
Partpartwhole representations.
Turning partwhole models into number sentences.
Thinking about additive equations.
Interpreting what number lines show.
To apply understanding of addition and subtraction to worded questions.
Calculation policy page: 8

Multiplication and Division

Recall and use multiplication and division facts
for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication
and division within multiplication tables and write them using the
multiplication, division and equals signs.
Solve problems involving multiplication and
division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods and
multiplication and division facts, including problems in context.
Show that the multiplication of two numbers can
be done in any order and division of one number by another cannot.

Recognising patterns in multiples of 2.
Writing mathematical statements for the two times table.
Recognising patterns in multiples of 5.
Writing mathematical statements for the five times table.
Recognising patterns in multiples of 10.
Writing mathematical statements for the ten times table.
Application of understanding of 2s, 5s and 10s number facts.
Making equal groups into arrays.
Making multiplication statements from arrays.
Making division statements from arrays.
Using arrays to solve multiplication and division problems.
Calculation policy page: 9

Fractions 
Recognise, find, name and write fractions
1/3 , 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
Write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3
Recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.


Investigate
and understand that fractions are equal parts of a whole. Investigating
and recognising 1/2 and 1/4 as parts of a whole. Recognising
and counting quarters up to 1 whole. Introduce the meaning of numerator and
denominator. Identifying
the numerator and denominator in different pictures of fractions (including
1/2, 2/2, 1/3, 2/3, 3/3, 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, 4/4). Finding
the complements to make 1 whole e.g. 1/3 plus another 2/3 makes a whole. Recognising
and equivalence of 2/2, 3/3 and 4/4. Recognising
and investigating the equivalence of 1/2 and 2/4. Comparing
the value of fractions with the same denominator but different numerators. Comparing
and ordering fractions with different denominators using images. Counting
in halves over the value of 1 (counting wholes and parts). Counting
in quarters over the value of 1 (counting wholes and parts). Counting
in thirds over the value of 1 (counting wholes and parts) Finding
half of a quantity Finding a
third of a quantity Finding a
quarter of a quantity Sharing 1
whole between 2, 3 or 4 then moving on to sharing multiple objects to
represent "the whole," between 2, 3 or 4.

Measurements

Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate
and measure length/height in any direction
(m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest
appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record
the results using >, < and =
Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p);
combine amounts to make a particular value
Find different combinations of coins that equal the same
amounts of money
Solve simple problems in a practical context involving
addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change
Compare
and sequence intervals of time Tell
and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Know
the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Reading
scales to measure length.
Measure
lengths using scales..
Estimating
lengths using m/cm.
Reading
scales to measure mass.
Using the language of "greater than" and"less
than"
Comparing and ordering measures.
To
understand the symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p) and learn how to write
amounts of money when shown single images of coins or notes.
To add
pictures of coins and notes to make a total.
Comparing
the value of different groups of coins.
Exploring
different combinations of coins to make the same total
To
exchange a larger value coin for the same value in smaller value coins.
Calculating
total amounts to pay in a real life context supported by pictures and bar
models.
Calculating
change in a real life context supported by pictures and bar models.
Applying
understanding of money to reasoning and problem solving activities.
Calculation policy page:

Geometry – Properties of Shapes

Including the number of edges, vertices and faces
Identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes, [for
example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]
Compare and sort common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects
Identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes,
including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
Identify and describe the properties of 3D shapes

Describing
and sorting 2D shapes according to the number of sides.
Introduce the terms,
polygon and quadrilateral and shape names.
Describing
and sorting 2D shapes according to the number of vertices
Learning
to draw 2D shapes on squared or square dot paper.
Explore
lines of symmetry in 2D shapes. Understanding
different ways of sorting and comparing 2D shapes.
Investigating,
describing and continuing sequences of 2D shapes
Creating
and describing sequences of 2D shapes Recognise
and explore 3D shapes:
Spheres, cuboids, cubes, cylinders and pyramids
Describing
3D shapes according to faces and vertices.
Understanding
different ways of sorting and comparing 3D shapes.
Naming
the 2D shapes forming the faces on 3D shapes.
Creating
and describing sequences of 3D shapes.

Geometry – Position and Direction

Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences
Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement,
including movement in a straight line and
distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and
threequarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise).


Statistics 
Interpret
and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple
tables
Ask
and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each
category and sorting the categories by quantity
Ask
and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.


